News & Insight

VC September 28, 2022
HLaw ventures into Romania’s VC ecosystem

HLaw ventures into Romania’s VC ecosystem

On 15 September 2022, HLaw’s Natalya Vilyavina and Sanya Bhambhani attended Stratulat Albulsecu’s 10th anniversary event at LOFT Diplomat in Bucharest, Romania.

On the guest list were attendees from a variety of industries and gave the team valuable insight into the Romanian VC ecosystem in particular.

They then spent the following day meeting and mingling with key founders and investors in Romania’s venture tech market.

Here’s what they learnt.


Watch this space – Romania’s VC ecosystem is hot, hot, hot…

The theme of the trip was undoubtedly learning and hearing about the success and growth of the Romanian VC ecosystem. With VC funds investing in a variety of industries from MedTech to FinTech to EdTech, Romania seems to be attracting a great deal of both local and global investors.

After the appearance of the country’s first unicorn, UiPath – which according to TechCrunch, is now valued at over $43bn – momentum keeps growing, making Romania one of the hottest start-up hubs in Europe.

Theodor Genoiu, Investment Manager at Roca X commented, “The Romanian VC & startup ecosystems have grown remarkably well in the past 5 years, both in terms of deal size and in terms of complexity, we are starting to see strong interest from region-focused funds and early stage startups looking to receive financing from Romanian investors. The ecosystem is starting to develop its own distinct features, such as the need to rapidly scale outside of the domestic markets and the need to swap legal entities into other, more refined business ecosystems that are ready to further support growth. We have high hopes for both the local and CEE Romanian VC & Startup ecosystems and we’re here to support it and grow with it!”


…but Romanian companies are flipping jurisdiction after Series A

Most of the VC funds that the team spoke with explained that they only tend to invest in companies up to and including series A. They often invest in the earlier stages of a company’s growth, namely pre-seed, seed and series A. But why is this?

Companies that require large funding rounds to grow internationally typically seek money outside of Romania. International VC funds, the team were told, usually require companies to flip to jurisdictions such as Delaware in the US and the UK. A ‘flip’ into the UK would require a share for share exchange to put in a new UK HoldCo.


European Investment Fund backing

The overwhelming majority of VC funds the team met with on their trip had an element of backing from the European Investment Fund (‘EIF’). European funds are therefore amongst the LPs of most of the large Romanian VC funds. However, with this EIF backing also comes various restrictions and limitations as to where and what the VC funds can invest in…

One notable restriction imposed by the EIF was the requirement for VC funds to invest in start-ups based in rural Romania, specifically restricting their ability to invest in start-ups based in the capital, Bucharest.

Whilst the EIF backing is of great value to the VC funds, this must be balanced with the restrictions the EIF then imposes as a result.


Business skills gap

Also noted was the recurring theme of a perceived skills gap amongst the local founder and management teams. Whilst there is no lack of money for the seed and pre-seed companies, the Romanian VC funds our team spoke to said that along with providing capital, they find themselves providing business skills and acumen to the founder teams. Presumably, local knowledge and expertise will develop as the Romanian market starts to mature in the years ahead.


All the thoughts and commentary that HLaw publishes on this website, including those set out above, are subject to the terms and conditions of use of this website.  None of the above constitutes legal advice.  Much of the above will no doubt fall out of date and conflict with future law and practice one day.  None of the above should be relied upon.  Always seek your own independent professional advice.

Humphreys Law


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